ETIMOLOGY: From latin cuprun metal of the island Cyprus (as in Greco-Roman mines of this island were very important.)

CRYSTAL SYSTEM: Cubic holoédrico.


CLASS MINERAL: Native element (Metal).


HARDNESS: 3 on the Mohs scale.

FIELDS: Mina Escondida, Codelco Norte in the region of Antofagasta, the El Teniente (Chile) mine, the Grasberg mine in Papua province (Indonesia).


MINERALOGY: The copper, a primary metal, is so few that are in the native state, ie without further combined element.

MYTHOLOGY: In prehistoric it was one of the first metals used by humans. The first utensils dating from 7000 BC in Turkey and Iraq. The natives used as arrowhead, beating them to the desired shape. In pre-Columbian America, around the fourth century BC. the Moche culture developed metallurgy and refined copper from malachite and other copper carbonates. In the Middle Ages to the present, between the tenth and twelfth centuries were found in Central Europe large deposits of silver and copper mainly Rammelsberg and Joachimsthal, of which a large part of the raw material came for the great bells, gates and statues European Gothic cathedrals. In addition to the manufacture of items such as axes, swords, helmets and breastplates; Copper was also used in the Middle Ages in lights as candles or chandeliers. During 1831 and 1832, Michael Faraday discovered that an electrical conductor moving perpendicular to a magnetic field generated a potential difference taking advantage of this, he built the first electric generator, Faraday disk. In plants, copper has an important role in the process of photosynthesis and is part of the composition of plastocyanin. Copper is found in many foods: oysters, seafood, vegetables, organ meats, nuts etc. The copper contributes to the formation of red blood cells and maintenance of blood vessels, nerves, immune system and bones.

PROPERTIES: Promotes sense of aesthetics, harmony and love for all beings, brings creativity playfulness and promotes a sense of what is fair, copper brings healing mind, body and spirit. It provides a harmonic connection between the physical and astral bodies. Brings good luck.


CHAKRAS:  Crown, spleen.

ZODIAC SIGN: Aries, Taurus, Libra.

USES: Manufacture of electrical power systems, coin pots, pans and cooking utensils, ornamental objects, collection, meditation.

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