ETYMOLOGY: Comes from the Latin lapis, 'stone', and classical Arabic lāzaward, turn from Persian lağvard or lažvard, derived from the Sanskrit rājāvarta, 'terry king' = Blue stone.
CRYSTAL SYSTEM: Cubic.
PRINCIPLE OF FORMATION: Tertiary.
CLASS MINERAL: Silicates.
CHEMICAL FORMULA, MINERAL ELEMENTS: (Na, Ca) 8 [(SO4, S, Cl) 2 I (AlSiO4) 6].
HARDNESS: 5 -6 on the Mohs scale.
FIELDS: Afghanistan, Chile, Russia, Italy, Egypt, Middle East, USA.
MINERALOGY: The lapis is formed by metamorphism of mamol white dolomito next to the main component lazurite (25-40%) are always other minerals: calcite, diopside, mica, pyrite etc, this aggregate can be considered a rock. the coloring substance is sulfur, due to the presence of metallic iron pyrite inclusions are also formed golden color.
MYTHOLOGY: The lapis lazuli was used for ornamental purposes in prehistoric times, in the Middle Ages was also used as a dye for ultramarine blue, in some palaces and churches it can be seen mill scale work, tile work and lapis lazuli columns coatings . Jules Rimet trophy of the World Cup FIFA prior to 1974 was based lapis lazuli.
PROPERTIES: It is said that the lazuli promotes integrity, dignity, sociability and friendship, harmonizes the physical, emotional, mental, spiritual levels, this mineral encourages you to take charge of your life, promotes self-awareness and allows self-expression, is a powerful amplifier of thought, stimulates higher mental faculties brings clarity and objectivity, teaches the value of listening carefully to others.
USES: Jewellery, meditation, collection, decoration (sculptures, vases) and various other objects of industrial art.